2004年11月26日: 石原慎一郎, Multiple Cleft in Japanese；
塩原佳世乃, From Focus, via Prosody, to Syntax
[日本語 | English]
- 石原慎一郎 (Universität Potsdam)
- Multiple Cleft in Japanese
In this talk, we discuss Japanese multiple cleft construction.
Adopting Rizzi's (1997) articulated CP structure, we propose that
Japanese cleft construction is derived from the so-called ``no da''
construction. This analysis is different from previously proposed
analyses (Koizumi 1995, Takano 2002) in that it allows derivations
violating the clause-mate condition. It has been claimed (Koizumi
1995) that multiple cleft exhibits the clause-mate condition (CMC).
We show, however, that CMC disappears under a certain condition,
namely, when the focused phrases are wh-phrases. We analyze this
phenomenon by paying attention to the prosodic properties of the
wh-questions and the information structure associated with them.
We also extend our analysis to multiple sluicing, which shows all the
characteristics parallel to the multiple cleft except that it does not
exhibit CMC effect. Our analysis naturally explains the parallelism
as well as the discrepancy between the two analysis.
- 塩原佳世乃 (お茶の水女子大学非常勤講師)
- From Focus, via Prosody, to Syntax
The main question I address in this talk concerns the possibility that
linear order is determined by the distribution of prosodic
prominence. On the basis of data taken from English and Japanese
(particularly, linearization of verbal dependents), I argue that it is
prosodic factors such as weight and sentence-level stress, rather than
semantic/pragmatic factors such as focus, that directly determine a
certain class of linearization. I attempt to reduce the differences
between English and Japanese to the Lexical Accent Parameter, which
differentiates languages according to whether their pitch accents are
specified in the lexicon (Japanese) or not (English).
Last modified: 2004-11-22 14:06:14 JST